Bayabas or Guava is a fruit bearing shrub or small tree that grows in the tropical climate like Mexico, Peru and the Philippines. Bayabas is widely used in the Philippines as herbal medicine and is recognized by the Philippine Department of Health for its antiseptic property. Bayabas or guava fruit is known for being rich in vitamin C and vitamin A. Bayabas leaves and fruits contain eugenol, tannin, saponins, amydalin, phenolic acids, malic acid, ash, aldehydes, catequinic components and flavonoids.
Bayabas or guava is used in herbal medicine as antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, anti-spasmodic, antioxidant hepatoprotective, anti-allergy, antimicrobial, anti-plasmodial, anti-cough, antidiabetic, and antigenotoxic.
Bayabas or guava tree grows 3 to10 meters tall with greenish to red-brownish smooth bark. Bayabas produce a round globular bayabas fruit that starts as a flower. The bayabas fruit is green and turns yellowish-green and soft when ripe. Bayabas fruit has many small hard seeds contained in a yellowish pulp. Bayabas fruit is usually eaten while still green and hard.
Bayabas (Psidium guajava) is also known as:
Bayawas (Bik.), Biabas (Sul.), Gaiyabat (If.), Gaiyabit (If.)
Geyabas (Bon.), Guayabas (Tag.), Guava (Engl.), Guyabas(Ilk., Tag.), Kalimbahin (Tag.), Psidium cujavus Linn. Bagabas (Ig.), Psidium aromaticum Blanco Bayabas (Ilk., Tag.), Psidium pyriferum Linn. Bayabo (Ibn.), Psidium pomiferum Linn. Bayauas (Bik., Pang.),Tayabas (Tag.)